Libations to Demeter and Persephone

Today is the Libations to Demeter and Persephone. Since I’m going to be working I will do mine before I leave for work. I know that it will be dark out but I really want to do this instead of waiting, when I’m dead tired. I hope that you all will have a good libations, no matter what time you do them.

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Eleusinian Mysteries (2017)

Starting when the sun goes down it will mark the beginning of the Elusinian Mysteries. Here’s some info about the festival, which comes from http://www.britannica.com.

Eleusinian Mysteries, most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece. According to the myth told in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the earth goddess Demeter went to Eleusis in search of her daughter Kore (Persephone), who had been abducted by Hades (Pluto), god of the underworld. Befriended by the royal family of Eleusis, she agreed to rear the queen’s son. She was, however, prevented by the queen’s unknowing interference from making the boy immortal and eternally young. After this occasion, she revealed her identity to the royal family and commanded that a temple be built for her into which she retired.

According to the Hymn to Demeter, the Mysteries at Eleusis originated in the two-fold story of Demeter’s life—her separation from and reunion with her daughter and her failure to make the queen’s son immortal. After Eleusis was incorporated, the city of Athens took responsibility for the festival, but the festival never lost its local associations.

The Mysteries began with the march of the mystai (initiates) in solemn procession from Athens to Eleusis. The rites that they then performed in the Telesterion, or Hall of Initiation, were and remain a secret. Something was recited, something was revealed, and acts were performed, but there is no sure evidence of what the rites actually were, though some garbled information was given by later, Christian writers who tried to condemn the Mysteries as pagan abominations. It is clear, however, that neophytes were initiated in stages and that the annual process began with purification rites at what were called the Lesser Mysteries held at Agrai (Agrae) on the stream of Ilissos, outside of Athens, in the month of Anthesterion (February–March). The Greater Mysteries at Eleusis was celebrated annually in the month of Boedromion (September–October). It included a ritual bath in the sea, three days of fasting, and completion of the still-mysterious central rite. These acts completed the initiation, and the initiate was promised benefits of some kind in the afterlife.

 

Delphic Maxims #44: Educate Your Sons

This is the first one of the month and it talks about two things, boys and education. Back in ancient times women weren’t allowed an education. They might be able to read and write but that was about it. The only exception was if the father wanted the daughter to know about business just in-case something happened. However, that was very rare as most men believed that only sons should learn these things.

So it’s not shocking to see that Apollon’s words about education only applied to boys. Education your son but leave your daughter’s dumb. Glad that we don’t live in those times.

Sacrifice to Artemis Agrotera (2017)

When the sun goes down this holiday will happen. Agrotera is a epithet of Artemis. Here’s some info about this holiday. Got this from Wikipedia.

Agrotera (Gr. Ἀγροτέρα, “the huntress”) was an epithet of the Greek goddess Artemis,[1][2][3] and the most important goddess to Attic hunters.[4]

At Agrae[5] on the Ilissos, where she was believed to have first hunted after her arrival from Delos, Artemis Agrotera had a temple, dating to the 5th century BC, with a statue carrying a bow.[6] During the Boedromia, on the seventh day of Boedromion (roughly, the beginning of September), an armed procession would take 600 goats to this temple,[7][8] where they would all be sacrificed by the polemarch in honor of the victory at the Battle of Marathon. This rite derived from a vow made before the Battle of Marathon,[9] which in turn derived from the custom of making a “slaughter sacrifice”, or sphagion (σφάγιον), to Artemis Agrotera before a battle. The temple was destroyed in 1778,[4] when the Ottoman forces occupying Athens set about demolishing ancient sites for building material to construct a wall around the city.[10] The ruins of the temple survive today on Ardettou Street, tightly surrounded by modern buildings. There is an ongoing campaign for the expropriation of adjacent buildings and the restoration of the temple.[11]

Under this name she was also worshiped at Aigeira,[12] Sparta, and elsewhere.[13] The name Agrotera is synonymous with the epithet Agraea, but Eustathius derives it from the town of Agrae.[14][15][16]

This epithet was also sometimes applied to the nymph Cyrene

Genesia (2017)

This is from the same site, Baring the Aegis.

Genesia – The Genesia seems to have been a festival of the dead–especially of dead parents. It was celebrated on the fifth of the month of Boudromion in Athens, but that is all we know for sure. There is reason to believe that the Genesia was panhellenic–although we do not know if all city-states performed the rites on the same day. We are also unsure if the Genesia was a set day for all children to visit their parents’ grave and perform sacrifices there, or if there was a public commemoration of all parents. The day is also sacred to Gaea, who housed the remains of the dead, and brought fertility and wealth to the living.

Sacrifice to Basile (2017)

I got this from the site, Baring the Aegis.

Sacrifice to Basile in Erchia – In the calendar from Erchia the heroine Basile was given a holókaustos on the 4th of the month of Boedromion. The sacrifice to Basile consisted of a white, female, lamb and was followed by a wineless libation. The colour of the animal is noteworthy, since holókaustoi have commonly been classified as khthonian sacrifices, and it is usually assumed that the victims used in such rituals were black. Basile was also worshipped elsewhere in Attica, but nothing is known of the kind of sacrifices she received at those locations. Basile seems to have been a local heroine. Nothing survives about her deeds, as far as I have been able to find, but she was important enough to warrant her own personal sacrifice–the Erchian calendar also makes note of collective sacrifices to ‘the heroines’.

Have a good ritual.

Athenian Month of Boedromion Begins

When the sun goes down it will be a new Athenian month. Here’s the holiday’s.

August 22: Nourmia

August 23: Honor Agathos Daemon

August 24: Honor Athena

August 25: Honor Aphrodite, Hermes, Heracles, Eros/Sacrifices to Basile

August 26: Genesia: Festival of the Dead.

August 27: Honor Artemis/Sacrifice to Artemis Agrotera.

August 28: Honor Apollon

August 29: Honor Poseidon and Theseus

September 2: Demokratia: Festival to honor Democracy

September 5-12: Eleusinian Mysteries

September 7: Epidauria

September 9: Libations to Demeter and Persephone

September 17: Sacrifices to the Nymphai, Akhelōos, Hermēs, Athēna, and Gaia.

I hope that you all have a good month.